• Seema Wati Narayan Melbourne, Australia
  • Tri Tung Nguyen Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Vietnam
  • Xuan-Hoa Nghiem Foreign Trade University, Vietnam
Keywords: Female labor force participation, Economic integration;, Exports;, Trading partners;, MFA;, WTO;, Vietnam


While several studies have, directly or indirectly, showed the importance of economic integration in job creation and destruction, direct empirical evidence for Female Labor Force Participation (FLFP) is still sparse. We take the case of Vietnam – a country that has come out of poverty largely due to her export-induced economic growth – and examine the impacts on FLFP of economic integration over the period 1999-2014. Our results suggest that Vietnam’s export sector, which relies heavily on foreign direct investment and free trade agreements, is an important contributor to FLFP. Economic integration with high-income countries (compared to middle- and low-income countries) was found to be most beneficial to FLFP in Vietnam. Our results also indicate that some traditional drivers of FLFP (such as fertility rate, health status, female adolescents out of secondary school, government education spending, and standard of living) became more (or less) important as Vietnam became more economically integrated.


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How to Cite
Narayan, S., Nguyen, T., & Nghiem, X.-H. (2021). DOES ECONOMIC INTEGRATION INCREASE FEMALE LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION? SOME NEW EVIDENCE FROM VIETNAM. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter Dan Perbankan, 24(1), 1-34.