EVALUASI KINERJA PERUSAHAAN PERBANKAN YANG TERDAFTAR DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA DAN THAILAND
The objective of this research is to evaluate the performance between Indonesia and Thailand public banks before crisis year 1997, with research period 1994-1996. CAMEL is used as proxy the banking performance, which consists of: CAR as represent of Capital, RORA as represent of Assets quality, NPM as represent of Management, ROA and BOPO as represent of Earnings, CML and KDN as represent of Liquidity. SKOR is calculated from weighted average of all aspects as represent of CAMEL entirely.
Based on sampling criteria, all of the public banking population consists of 22 banks in Indonesia and 16 banks in Thailand comply with a request, so the sample are 38 banks. Financial data are drawn from Published Bank Financial Statements on PACAP database. Kolmogorov-Smimov Test is used to test the normality of data distribution. For normally distributed data consists of BOPO, CML, and KDN, test are conducted using t-Test as parametric test. Meanwhile, CAR, RORA, NPM, ROA, and SKOR which non normally distributed, test are conducted using Mann-Whitney Test, as a non parametric test to compare the difference between two countries banking performance.
The result indicate that on average the public banking performance in Indonesia is better than that in Thailand. CAR, RORA, ROA, CML, and KDN are statistically significant difference from two countries. Meanwhile, the test toward the NPM, and BOPO are not statistically significant difference, although the mean of both ratios relatively Indonesia are better. The test toward the SKOR as represent of CAMEL indicates there is statistically significant difference of banking performance in Indonesia and Thailand. From the research can be summed that there is significant difference of banking performance in Indonesia and Thailand, and entirely the Indonesian banking performance is better than that in Thailand.
Keywords: Assets Quality, CAMEL, Earnings, Banking Performance
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