ANALISIS DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN MAKROEKONOMI TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN INDUSTRI TEKSTIL DAN PRODUK TEKSTIL INDONESIA
Textile and textile’s product play an important role in the Indonesian economy. During the last five years, however, share of these industries and commodities to gross domestic product tend to decrease. The objectives of this study are to analyze factors affecting Indonesian textile and textile’s product, and the prospect of Indonesian textile and textile’s product in the future. Results of the study show that domestic textile production was affected by world cotton price and wage rate, while the domestic garment production was affected by wage rate in the garment sector. Indonesia’s textile export to world market was influenced by domestic textile price, and Indonesia’s export garment was influenced by exchange rate (Rp/US$). Indonesian textile demand was affected by wage rate and domestic garment demand was affected by income per capita of Indonesia. In general, the prospect of Indonesian textile and textile’s product seems not too good. In fact, Indonesian textile and textile’s product had depended on high import cotton, investment, and exchange rate. So why, economy policies are still needed to accelerate Indonesian textile and textile’s product development.
JEL Classification: C53, E60, F43, and F4.
Keywords: export, open economy, forecasting, simulation, textile and textile’s product.
BPS. 2009. Statistik Indonesia 2008. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.
_____. 2010. Indikator Ekonomi, Buletin Statistik Bulanan. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.
CIC. 2004, Prospek Industri Garmen Indonesia. Indocommercial, No. 350. PT. Capicorn Indonesia Consultant, Inc, Jakarta.
Dunn, R. M. Jr. and J. H. Mutti. 2004. International Economics. Sixth Edition. Routledge Tailor and Francis Group, London.
Gonarsyah, I. 1987. Landasan Perdagangan Internasional. Departemen Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Ekonomi Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.
Henderson, J. M. and R. E. Quandt. 1980. Microeconomic Theory, A Mathematical Approach. McGraw Hill International Book Company, London.
Houck, J. P. 1986. Elements of Agricultural Trade Policies. MacMillan Publishing Company, New York.
Istojo, D. 2002. Analisis Struktur Industri Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil Indonesia terhadap WTO 2005. Tesis Magister Manajemen. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Koutsoyiannis, A. 1978. Theory of Econometrics: An Introductory Exposition of Econometrics
Methods. Second Edition. Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., Barner & Noble Import Division, New York.
Krantz, O., 2006, “Small European Countries in Economic Internationalisation: An Economic Historical Perspektive”. Umea Universitet, Umea-Swedia. Umea Papers in Economic History.
Mlachila, M. and Y. Yang, 2004, “The End of Textiles Quotas: A Case Study of the Impact of Bangladesh”. International Monetary Fund, Washington DC. IMF Working Paper No. 04/108.
PRB. 2009. World Population Data Sheet 2009. Population Reference Bureau and USAID, Washington DC.
Pracoyo, A. 1995. Pengaruh GATT terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia, Studi Kasus Ekspor Industri Tekstil. Tesis Magister Manajemen. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Sinaga, B. M. 1989. Econometric Model of the Indonesian Hardwood Products Industry: A Policy Simulation Analysis. PhD, Dissertation. University of The Philippines, Los Banos.
Sunarno, S. 2008. ASEAN, Basis Produksi TPT Dunia. Indonesian Textile Serial Online. http:// indonesiatextile.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73&Itemid=50. Diakses tanggal 17 Maret 2010.
______. 2008 Amankan Pasar Dalam Negeri. Indonesia Textile Serial Online. http://indonesiatextile.com/index.php?option=com_content&task =view&id=76&Itemid=50, Diakses Tanggal 17 Maret 2010.
Thoburn, J., 2010, “The Impact of World Recession on the Textile and Garment Industries of Asia”. United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna. Working Paper No. 17.
UNCTAD. 2005. TNCs and the Removal of Textiles and Clothing Quotas. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva.
VBN. 2011. Vietnam Textile and Garment Export Cross $ 11.2 Biliion in 2010. Vitenam Business News. Serial Online, http://vietnambusiness.asia/vietnam-textile-and-garment-exports-cross-11-2b-in-2010/. Diakses tanggal 10 Januari 2011.
Wintala. 1999. Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ekspor Tekstil Indonesia: Ke Amerika Serikat, Inggris dan Jepang Tahun 1978-1997. Tesis Magister Manajemen. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
WTO. 2005. International Trade Statistics 2005. World Trade Organization, Geneva.
Unless otherwise indicated, each paper published in The Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking. Authors do not need to contact the journal to obtain rights to reuse their own material. They are automatically granted permission to do the following:
- Reuse the article in print collections of their own writing.
- Present a work orally in its entirety.
- Use an article in a thesis and/or dissertation.
- Reproduce an article for use in the author's courses. (If the author is employed by an academic institution, that institution also may reproduce the article for teaching purposes.)
- Reuse a figure, photo and/or table in future commercial and noncommercial works.
- Post a copy of the paper.
- Link to the journal site containing the final edited PDFs created by the publisher.
Unless otherwise indicated, the authors and the journal grant permission to reproduce and distribute for nonprofit educational uses material published in the journal, provided that: (1) in the case of copies distributed in class, students are charged no more than the cost of duplication; (2) the copied work is well identified with a proper notice of copyright affixed to each copy.
Permission to reproduce and to distribute any work published in The Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking should be directed to author(s). All such reproduction must identify the author(s), the Journal, the volume, the number of the first page, and the year of the work’s publication in the Journal.