• Ibrahim Ibrahim Bank Indonesia
  • Tri Winarno Bank Indonesia
  • Melva Viva Grace Bank Indonesia
  • Yan Fitri Bank Indonesia


Global financial crisis which began in the US in the latter part of 2008 hit a lot of countries in both trade and finance. In trade aspect, the crisis spread widely; in Indonesia, the total export value in 2009 dropped to 14,3%. Therefore, the economy of China, tightly linked with Asian countries including Indonesia, which rapidly rose before the crisis but slowed after it should be monitored as this condition, could indirectly hold down Indonesia’s GDP. Applying RAS method to update Asian IO data, this research has attempted to describe the trade structure of Asian countries in 2010. Also, it implemented a simulation of the impact of US and China’s GDP decline and US exports on Indonesia’s GDP, both at aggregate and sector levels. The result of the mapping shows that Indonesia is getting more dependent on China. Generally, the link between Indonesia’s exported products and global production chain is weak. Indonesia’s export commodities which are mostly of intermediate goods have low contribution towards value added. Moreover, the result of the simulation shows that 1% decrease in China’s GDP has greater impact on Indonesia’s GDP (0,14%) than that of the US (0,05%) and EU (0,07%) though with similar point.  Keyword: Trade Interactions, Input Output Model JEL Classification : F16, R15


Download data is not yet available.


Bank Indonesia. Buletin Ekspor Impor Indonesia. Departemen Statistik Ekonomi Moneter, Bank Indonesia, Berbagai Edisi

Buetre dan Esfahani (2000). Updating an Input Output Table for Use in Policy Analysis. The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 44:4, pp. 573-603.

Capilit, E (2009). RAS Method. Paper prepared for presentation at the 2nd Data Review Workshop, ADB, 7-12 December 2009

Christ, F. Carl, 1955, A Review of Input-Output Analysis, Volume Title: Input-Output Analysis: An Appraisal, Princeton University Press,

Ibrahim, et al. (2010). Dampak ACFTA terhadap Perdagangan Internasional Indonesia. Direktorat Riset Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Moneter Bank Indonesia

International Monetary Fund (2012). Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific Managing Spillovers and Advancing Economic Rebalancing. World Economic and Financial Surveys, International Monetary Fund, April

International Monetary Fund (2012). World Economic Outlook. World Economic and Financial Surveys, International Monetary Fund, April

Iskandar, C.L, dan Yanfitri (2011). Keterkaitan Perdagangan AS-EU dengan negara Lainnya:Potensi Spill-over Krisis di negara Maju. Catatan Riset No.13/16/DKM/BRE/CR, Biro Riset Ekonomi, Direktorat Riset Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Moneter, Bank Indonesia.

Mori, Tomoko dan Hitoshi Sasaki (2007). Interpendence of Production and Income in Asia Pasific Economies : An International Input Output Approach. Bank of Japan Working Paper Series No. 07-E-26.

Mun-Heng TOH (1998). Projecting the Leontief inverse directly by the RAS method. Paper prepared for presentation at the 12th International Conference on Input-Output Techniques, New York, 18-22 May 1998

Pula Gabor dan Tuomas A Peltonen (2009).Has Emerging Asia Decoupled? An Analysis of Production and Trade Linkages Using The Asian International Input Output Table. Working Paper Series No. 993 European Central Bank.
How to Cite
Ibrahim, I., Winarno, T., Grace, M., & Fitri, Y. (2014). TRANSMISI DAMPAK MELALUI JARINGAN PERDAGANGAN: PENDEKATAN ASIAN-IO. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter Dan Perbankan, 16(4), 339-372.