FINANCIAL STRUCTURE FOUNDATION OF THE URBAN– RURAL INCOME GAP IN CHINA: AN INVESTIGATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE DOUBLE DUAL STRUCTURE

  • Quan-JIng Wang Xi’an Jiaotong University
  • Gen-Fu Feng Xi’an Jiaotong University
  • Chun-Ping Chang Shih Chien University
Keywords: Urban-rural Income Gap; Financial Structure; Double Dual Structure; Financial resources mismatch

Abstract

This article is an empirical analysis of the relations between financial structure and theurban–rural income gap (URIG) in China’s economic transition, based on the country’sdouble dual structure. We employ data of 31 provinces in China from 2001 to 2016 toempirically study the influence of financial structure on the URIG. We find an invertedU-shaped relation between financial scale and the URIG, a positive impact of urbanand rural financial structure on the URIG, and an inverted U-shaped relation betweenthe mismatch of financial resources and the URIG. These findings show that selectionof the optimal proportion of the state-owned economy through ownership reform andthe promotion of financial development and optimization of the allocation of financialresources are two effective ways to reduce the URIG.

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Published
2019-07-31
Section
Articles